Hormones: What are they & What do they do?

Mar 11, 2022 | Hormones

Hormones are chemical messengers and without them, proper functioning in our body does not occur. They control everything from reproduction, digestion, metabolism, emotions and even hunger and satiety. When our hormones function properly, we feel great and when they do not, we can have health issues that make us miserable.

While quite common, the following are ways that hormone imbalances may show up that have become normalized:

  • PMS
  • Fatigue
  • Poor sleep
  • Weight fluctuations

Let’s look a few key hormones systems and you will get the picture as to how important they are.

Hypothalamus: It signals the production of other hormones and in doing so, helps regulate things like hunger, moods, sleep, body temperature and sex drive.

Thymus: It produces the hormone thymosin, which help regulate the immune system. The thymus shrinks as we age but scientists are not sure it is supposed to, which means that, perhaps, good nutrition could help maintain immune function as we age.

Pancreas: Insulin produced in the pancreas is a key hormone and its sole function is to help blood sugar get into the cells so we have the energy we need for our cells to function. However, too much insulin has been implicated in many health issues.

Thyroid:  Hormones produced by our thyroid are associated with metabolism and heart rate. If you have trouble losing weight – your thyroid may not be functioning optimally.

Adrenals: There are many hormones produced by the adrenal glands but their main function is to help us cope with stress, both physical and mental. Because of this, the adrenals rule the roost in the body. This is because protecting us from danger is considered to be one of the most significant systems in the body and because of that, when we are stressed, the adrenals can cause all kinds of havoc with other systems.

Pituitary: This is a master endocrine gland that produces hormones that tell other glands and organs to produce more hormones. However, hormones from the adrenals like cortisol or insulin from the pancreas can exert pressure on the pituitary and interfere with other hormones relationships where the pituitary is involved.

Of course, the hormones that often concern most people are the reproductive hormones.

In women, the ovaries produce estrogen, progesterone and small amounts of testosterone before menopause. After menopause, it is the adrenals that produce these hormones to keep women healthy.

For men, the testes produce testosterone and small amounts of estrogen and progesterone.

These are just a few hormonal relationships – it really is complex and often hormone problems are a result of several hormones exerting influence in a way that causes more than one issue. Food and lifestyle can help immensely to feed the various body parts so they work in a more balanced way. A holistic nutrition professional can help you do this.

Balanced hormones are the key to a having a body in balance. Even small imbalances can cause an issue. Getting a proper assessment is key and from there decisions can be made to help correct the issues.

Here’s a great recipe that is abundant in antioxidants and fiber, which we know is key to overall wellness. It also includes Schisandra powder, a wonderful adaptogen that can support hormonal balancing.

Yield: 1

Berry Beet Smoothie Bowl

Berry Beet Smoothie Bowl

Rich in fiber and antioxidants to support hormone health.


  • 1/2 Beet (medium, peeled and diced)
  • 1/2 cup Frozen Mango
  • 1/2 cup Frozen Raspberries
  • 1 1/2 tsps Pitted Dates
  • 1/2 tsp Schisandra Berry Powder
  • 1/2 cup Unsweetened Almond Milk


  1. In your blender or food processor, combine the beet, frozen mango, frozen raspberries, dates, schisandra berry powder and milk. Blend until smooth and thick.
  2. Transfer to a bowl and add toppings. Enjoy!


Topping Ideas
Blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, mango, hemp seeds, chia seeds, bee pollen, or shredded coconut.

No Schisandra Berry Powder
Leave it out, use acai powder, or a pure mixed berry powder instead.

Add your favourite vanilla protein powder.

Mandy Faulkner

A Registered Holistic Nutritionist, Advocate, Mother, and Partner who is helping others on their journey to wellness.

Featured Posts


free guide

The 3 Best Steps to Better Gut Health
for reduce bloating and improved energy

If you're aiming to enhance your overall well-being with the benefits of improved energy, digestion, and reduced bloating, then this eBook is an excellent resource to kickstart your journey towards optimal gut health.

Skip to Recipe